"Personal injury" is a type of tort lawsuit in which the person suing (the "plaintiff") has suffered physical, emotional or financial harm due to the actions of the person being sued (the "defendant").
Negligence is the most common cause of personal injury. Types of personal injury negligence include gross negligence, reckless conduct, intentional misconduct and, in rare cases, strict liability.
Every personal injury claim has two basic issues: liability and financial compensation. The financial costs a plaintiff can recover are known as "damages," which typically include the injured person's medical bills, pain and suffering, and diminished quality of life.