Ohio has a simple beauty about it that helps one get away from it all. However, all those winding back roads can lead to car accidents, personal injuries and negligence cases. Then it becomes an exhausting dance of figuring out where to pin blame and liability. Maybe it was you who was hurt, or maybe it was a friend or relative. Whatever happens during your Ohio journeys, if you need guidance for your personal injury case, Enjuris can help.
Ohio Personal Injury Cases & Accident Info
Ohio statutes online
This is where you’ll find Ohio's Revised Code. The website has details about how long you have to bring a case, monetary limits on personal injury cases (which are also known as damage caps), and other important information.
In Ohio, you have four years to bring both a personal injury and a property damage claim. That means you have four years to file your paperwork with the court, not that your case has to be completed in that time frame.
The first meeting with a personal injury attorney is normally free of charge. (Note that other legal specialties, such as real estate law or estate planning law, are different.) After that, lawyers work on a contingency basis, which means that they will take a third of the eventual reward, plus whatever office expenses they incur along the way.
If your case goes to trial, that percentage could rise to 40% of the eventual reward or judgment. These numbers aren't determined by law, so don't be surprised if your lawyer suggests something else.
These are some cases of legal significance that came out of Ohio's courts:
Terry v. Ohio, 392 U.S. 1 (1968): This is one of the most famous criminal cases ever, and first-year law students learn it in their Criminal Law classes. The United States Supreme Court decided that the Fourth Amendment prohibition on unreasonable searches and seizures is not violated if a police officer stops and frisks and suspect without probable cause to arrest (this is now commonly called a "Terry stop" or a "stop and frisk"). All the cop has to have is a reasonable suspicion that the suspect has committed, is committing, or is about to commit a crime, and "may be armed and presently dangerous." A Terry stop constitutes a quick surface check of outer clothing for weapons. The officer's reasonable suspicion has to be "based on specific and articulable facts" and not merely on a hunch.
Obergefell v. Hodges, 576 U.S. ___ (2015): After a series of splits among the circuit courts made a review by the Supreme Court almost inevitable, this landmark case determined that every same-sex couple in the United States had the right to marry, as guaranteed by both the Equal Protection Clause and the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
Mapp v. Ohio, 367 U.S. 643 (1961): This is another popular criminal case regarding search warrants. Dollree Mapp was an employee of a gambling kingpin in Cleveland, and cops received an anonymous tip that Virgil Ogletree, who was wanted for bombing rival numbers racketeer Don King's home, was shacked up at her place. When they showed up, she told them to come back with a warrant. Three hours later, they forced the door and showed her a slip of paper that they pretended was a warrant, ultimately finding gambling paraphernalia in the house. Mapp argued that they had no probable cause to search her house and thus the contents of her house were inadmissible. The Supreme Court agreed, which applied the exclusionary rule to the state and local level for the first time. This is where we get the "fruit of the poisonous tree" argument."
Sheppard v. Maxwell, 384 U.S. 333 (1966): This is the infamous case of Dr. Sam Sheppard, who was accused of murdering his pregnant wife. This case weighed the freedom of the press (the First Amendment) against a defendant's right to a fair trial (the Sixth Amendment and the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment). Sam Sheppard's entire life was televised, potential jurors received letters, the judges were in a hotly televised electoral race at the time – it was a madhouse. The Supreme Court held that the massive and pervasive coverage prevented him from receiving a fair trial, as he was convicted the first time around and then found innocent the second. The famous (or perhaps infamous) attorney, F. Lee Bailey, represented him.
There are many issues you can solve without the help of a lawyer. If you don't know where to start, a law librarian can help you. They are usually legally trained, and they can help you both with texts or online research engines like LexisNexis or Westlaw.