When an injury happens on the job that’s a direct result of an incident or accident, you know just what to do. Usually, it’s covered by workers’ compensation and you receive treatment and recover costs quickly.
An occupational disease is a condition that develops as a result of prolonged exposure in the workplace. But in order to receive workers’ compensation benefits to cover the costs of medical treatment and missed work days, you need to prove that your condition is the direct result of your job.
This standard of proof can be more difficult for individuals suffering from an occupational illness or disease.
Environmental exposure. Some occupational diseases are caused by exposure to chemicals or irritants. This could include:
Physical stress. An occupational injury isn’t always because of a specific incident or accident. It can also be the result of repetitive motion or ongoing physical stress on your body. For example:
There are certain occupations where there’s a higher likelihood of occupational disease: mining, construction, welding, agriculture, aerospace, and the food sector. You could also be at higher risk if you are routinely exposed to noise, fumes, fibers, dust, or other hazardous environmental elements.
An example of a single-occurrence workplace injury is a slip-and-fall on a construction site that results in a back injury. By contrast, someone who works in a restaurant kitchen might be diagnosed with carpal tunnel syndrome that’s not the result of just one incident, but is because of ongoing stress to the wrists and hands because of the repetitive motion of slicing food every day.
An occupational disease is also when you’ve been exposed to something like asbestos fibers or other hazardous materials that affect your body over time.
Fortunately, an occupational disease in Georgia is treated the same way as any other work-related injury. The injured person is entitled to the same workers’ compensation benefits whether it’s a one-time injury or an ongoing disease or condition.
The Georgia State Board of Workers’ Compensation requires injured workers prove the following in order to receive workers’ compensation for an occupational disease or injury:
The OIICS, which was developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), codes injuries based on four factors:
In other words, it provides an official list of occupational diseases that have been proven to be a direct consequence of work-related activity or exposure. Even if an injury or illness isn’t included within the CDC coding system, you may still be eligible for workers’ compensation under some medical circumstances.
In general, hearing loss, psychiatric or psychological illness, and heart and vascular conditions are not considered to be occupational diseases.
If you haven’t already been diagnosed, you should visit a physician who is listed in the State Board of Workers’ Compensation Physician Database. A listed provider will be able to make a complete diagnosis and help get you started with a treatment plan.
Next, seek the advice of a Georgia personal injury attorney. An experienced lawyer can help you navigate the complex workers’ compensation system. It might be more challenging to link an occupational disease or injury that’s the result of ongoing exposure or physical stress to your employment, and your lawyer will provide you with resources and guidance to ensure that your costs will be covered.