According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), traveling by bus is roughly 10 times safer than traveling by car.
In Virginia, only 1 bus occupant was killed in 2018, and 284 were injured. (In comparison, 551 passenger-vehicle occupants were killed and 60,176 were injured that same year.)
Though not common, bus accidents do occasionally happen. If you’ve been injured or a loved one has been killed in a bus accident, the first thing you’ll need to understand is that there are legal differences between bus accidents and passenger-vehicle accidents.
Let’s take a closer look at bus accident claims in the Old Dominion State.
The term “bus accident” refers to an accident involving any public or private bus, including:
Most bus accidents involve a bus and a passenger car. However, a bus accident can occur when a bus crashes into another bus, when a bus crashes into a fixed object, or even when a bus rolls over on its own.
We can learn a lot about how bus accidents happen by examining bus driver actions right before an accident.
|Bus driver actions in Virginia bus accidents (2018)|
|Driver Action||Drivers||% of total|
|Improper lane change||26||4.5%|
|Avoiding another vehicle||7||1.2%|
|Failure to yield||27||4.6%|
|Following too closely||32||5.5%|
|Hit and run||5||0.9%|
|Illegal or improper parking||1||0.2%|
|Left of center (not passing)||1||0.2%|
|Ran traffic control||5||0.9%|
|No improper action||379||65.0%|
Due, in part, to Virginia’s strict drunk driving laws that apply to public and private bus drivers, it’s rare that a bus accident occurs as a result of a driver being intoxicated. In 2018, there were NO bus accidents involving alcohol. On the other hand, alcohol was a factor in 6,773 passenger-vehicle accidents.
However, some common causes of bus accidents include:
A handful of federal and state laws intended to make bus travel safer have been passed over the years.
Federal laws require most for-hire buses and buses that cross state lines to meet certain safety standards that address everything from license requirements to vehicle weight limits.
Virginia has also passed several state laws to improve bus safety. For example, the legal BAC limit for bus drivers is lower than the legal limit for passenger-vehicle drivers. The majority of laws passed, however, apply to school buses in Virginia.
Determining who’s liable for a bus accident requires that you determine who caused the accident. In most cases, there are only a handful of possibilities:
Virginia is one of the few states where a plaintiff is prohibited from recovering any damages if they’re found even the slightest bit at fault. This law is known as the “pure contributory negligence law.”
Let’s look at an example to see how this law might apply to a bus accident case.
There are some exceptions to Virginia’s pure contributory negligence law. These exceptions are highly fact and case specific, therefore it’s best to talk with your attorney about your specific case before assuming that Virginia’s pure contributory negligence law does or does not apply.
If you’re a bus driver involved in an accident, you’ll most likely file a workers’ compensation claim instead of a personal injury lawsuit. Workers’ compensation is a form of insurance that pays medical expenses and lost wages to employees who are injured on the job.
Traveling by bus is statistically very safe. Every year there are roughly 70 times more highway passenger-vehicle and motorcycle fatalities than public transit fatalities in the United States. This makes sense when you consider that buses are significantly larger than passenger vehicles and motorcycles, travel more slowly, and usually have highly-experienced drivers.
Nevertheless, accidents do happen. When they do the injuries can include:
Fortunately, Virginia awards economic damages and non-economic damages in bus accident cases and, unlike some states, there are no caps on these damages.
“Economic damages” are tangible losses that come with a price tag (medical bills, property damage, lost wages, etc.). “Non-economic damages” refer to losses that don’t have a clear dollar value (pain and suffering, loss of consortium, etc.).
If a loved one is killed in a bus accident, certain family members can recover damages associated with the loss by filing a wrongful death lawsuit.
A statute of limitations refers to the amount of time a plaintiff has to file a lawsuit. If the plaintiff doesn’t file the lawsuit within this time limit, the lawsuit will be thrown out and the plaintiff won’t be able to recover any damages.
If the plaintiff is under the age of 18, the 2-year clock doesn’t start running until they turn 18.
If the plaintiff is suing the government (as they would if they’re suing a public transportation system), Virginia Code Section 8.01-195.6 requires the plaintiff to file a “notice of claim” within 1 year of the accident. There are specific steps plaintiffs must take when filing a notice of claim, and if they fail to follow these steps, their case will be barred. Consequently, it’s highly recommended that you speak with an attorney right of way if you think your lawsuit might involve the government.
A bus accident isn’t as straightforward as a regular car accident. There may be several liable parties, including large companies and government agencies. What’s more, there are usually dozens of witnesses (many of whom will be filing their own lawsuits).
An experienced personal injury attorney can help ensure you receive the compensation you deserve. To locate a bus accident attorney in your area, head over to our free online directory.